#FórumRNP2020 discusses data strategies, 5G, Virtual Libraries and AI on the last program day

- 21/10/2020

Silvio Meira: how to be successful in digital transformation? 
Keynote speaker on the third and last day of #FórumRNP2020, the chief scientist the Digital Strategy Company, extraordinary professor at Cesar School, emeritus professor at UFPE (Informatics Center – CIn), founder and president of the Administration Board of Digital Port and board member of Magalu, MRV, CI&T and Capes, Silvio Meira presented the “stone path” to organizations, which want to perform successful digital transformation.

The need to promote that change has been sped up by the pandemic of the new coronavirus and obtaining success in the journey goes mainly through the capacity to create and implement a data strategy incorporated to the business strategy. "The digital network has never been so important. Its capacity to compete is equivalent to that of forming networks, encoding and writing codes. Most of the companies that will be successful in their digital transformation will have written their own codes", Meira said.

And what must be done for us know how to use data and generate benefits? For the scientist, it is essential to answer five questions: 1) What data do we have? 2) Where is the data? 3) Which systems use which data and for what? 4) Have we already solved the compliance and regulation issues? 5) How can data increase our agility, reduce risks and costs and create opportunities, revenues and profit?

Going against those who have called data “the new oil”, Silvio Meira created his own analogy; for him, a lot more appropriate. “Data must be mined, refined, aggregated and achieve critical load to create value. After we create and deliver, it becomes radioactive. To keep data you do not need any more in your possession is a much higher risk than to keep oil. To keep uranium is much more complex and to dispose uranium is much more complex. Therefore, data is the new uranium and not the new oil", he completed.

Urban mobility
5G is coming to Brazil and promising a true revolution in the way we connect to and use the internet. The challenge: how to offer quality mobile networks assuring urban mobility, mainly in public spaces? The panel the third and last day of the Forum started with was dedicated to that issue, where there are political, technological, economical, and social implications. For example, how to guarantee interoperability and cost sharing among different players? 

The panel was moderated by the RNP Engineering and Operations director, Eduardo Grizendi, with the director of Telecommunications and Broadband Infrastructure Projects of the Ministry of Communications, Wilson Diniz, the founder and CEO of Linktel, Jonah Trunk , and the pro-director of Post-Graduation & Research at the National Institute of Telecommunications (Inatel) José Marcos C. Brito, who elected the number one obstacle for the implementation of 5G in Brazil. The main challenge is economic indeed. Will the companies have investment power to install networks in all places or will we have slow implementation at the corners of the country?”, he questioned.

Virtual Library
With the digitalization of educational and scientific magazines and books, the institutions started offering students and researchers faster ways to access content, more easily updated as well. Thus, the possibility to share content with a higher number of people, who don´t even have to be from the same institution, surged”, this was the context and the definition adopted by the RNP specialist Alexandre Uchoa for the virtual libraries.

To discuss the concept, still at the beginning in Brazil, but driven by the pandemic that forced physical books to remain on the shelves of the in-person libraries of the education institutions, while students still had to study, the panel brought some perspectives: of the Brazilian libraries, represented by Letícia Strehl, Director of the Central Library of the UFRGS and responsible to coordinate technically 31 libraries of the institution´s System;  CAPES Periodic Portal as an example of knowledge repository for 20 years, with the participation of Katyusha Madureira, Science & Technology analyst at Fundação Capes; and the experiences and challenges faced by countries that already use this knowledge sharing format with a statement from Caren Milloy, Licensing Deputy Director at the United Kingdom Academic Network (Jisc).

Privacy By Design: The future of projects, services and products
A possible translation for the term in English, which was debated t the panel of same name, would be: to incorporate the guarantee of holders´ personal data privacy and protection in the processes, since the design of a product, service or business. An important post-LGPD solution, but also a cultural and educational change in the institutions. Which should not create resistance. “The law is not a wall, it is a gate”, Debora Batista Araujo, Privacy and Data Protection Director at Claro guarantees.

To be proactive and not reactive, to be preventive and not corrective, may be the better option than re-designing everything, according to the lawyer and consultor Fabiani Borges: “It is way cheaper than the adaptation of a ready product, which will take a lot more work and costs”.

In practice, the concept provides implementation of technical and organizational measures to prevent that there is any significant impact or risk on people’s privacy, such as:

1) Involve the high leadership of the organizations in this data protection culture to take decisions that respect the principles of privacy.

2) Think of security measures such as anonymization, pseudonymization and minimization, when architecting the data collection processes.

3) Make more questions as: “Is it really necessary to collect that much data?”, “What is the purpose of what I am storing?”, “Is it worth it to take that risk?”.

4) Engage teams from different areas for a multidisciplinary action. What about combining the legal, information security and technology teams? They have to speak the same language!

5) Document the processes is fundamental to illuminate the present risks.

6) Reeducate and sensitize the teams to build that privacy culture (one of the main pillars of the concept), in a way this to be project of everyone from the organization.

These lessons were listed in the debate moderated by Rodrigo Facio, Information Security specialist at RNP and the guests Debora Batista Araujo, Privacy and Data Protection Director at Claro, Fabiani Borges, consultant and associate of Espinheira Borges & Quadros Advogados Associados, Raissa Moura Ferreira, Data Protection Officer at Inloco.

Governance Perspectives with Blockchain
Smart contracts, digital certifications. Blockchain is taking place of a new core technology, adopted in different industry segments and different initiatives of Governments around the world. Do you know what is Blockchain and how it can collaborate to the institutions´ Governance? These and other questions were handled at the panel from the point of view of the specialists from RNP Blockchain Technical Committee. The panel was moderated by the professor and researcher from the Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA) Fabíola Greve, and Alberto Paradisi, director of Strategy at CPqD, and Tatiana Revoredo, member of the Oxford Blockchain Foundation also participated. 

Conecti Brasil: Information and service ecosystem in the scope of education, science, technology and innovation
“Imagine the following scenario: you access a platform in the scope of science, technology, and by means of a unique identification key, like a CPF number, you already see your data, academic works, areas of interest, techniques related to your work, relevant content about what you study, in addition to research laboratories and equipment”, the RNP Solutions manager Claudio Fabrício instigated.

This is the function of the Conecti Brasil platform, which was born from the partnership of six institutions (RNP, Capes, CNPq, Cofab, Ibict and Scielo) to create a national data integration platform, related to education, science, technology and innovation, in addition to creating a research information ecosystem focused on the user, the researchers. The solution works as a “business counter”, in which it is possible to gather quality data each of these institutions can provide with the data each of them would like to use.

“There are different players, who compose this ecosystem: researchers, professors, research groups, education and research institutions, support organization, private companies, publishing houses and publishers. The result we have is the intellectual production published and made available in different sources of information. The idea is to improve the connection between the data and the information, but also the connection between people, infrastructures, groups, as well as the entire ecosystem, with significant benefits”, Silvana Vidotti, professor and researcher at Unesp, explains. In addition to gathering all these agents and the data around them, the idea is to optimize the researchers´ routine for them to focus on the progress of science and research in Brazil, instead of spending time to fill different platforms in with the same information.

The panel about technological solutions was mediated by Cláudio, and Harrysson Nóbrega, Project manager at ConectiBR; Jean Guerethes, Solution architect at RNP; Silvana Vidotti, professor and researcher at Unesp collaborated.

Educate for conscious use and development of Artificial Intelligence applications
Did you know that Artificial Intelligence (AI) can have deep influence on societies, the environment and human lives, particularly on the human mind? That is partially because of the new ways AI influences human thinking and the independent decision-making by machines. This influence may affect many sectors of the society, particularly, education, science and culture. At the panel that debated and deepened the topic, the researchers Rosa Maria Vicari, from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Wagner Meira, from Universidade de Minas Gerais (UFMG), the neurosurgeon Carlos Brusius were present, and it was moderated by RNP Research, Development & Innovation deputy director Lisandro Granville.  

In their presentations, the guest speakers listed the benefits and the risks that the use of AI might bring to the society in a general. Furthermore, Rosa Vicari pointed out the main concern related to the subject. “As AI technologies keep spreading in all areas of contemporary life, the researchers are looking for ways to make them safe for the users”, she said.

Digital identity in Brazil and in the world

The researcher and consultant Alexandre Barbosa from Instituto de Tecnologia e Sociedade (ITS-Rio) closed the presentation program of the #FórumRNP2020 talking about digital identities in Brazil and in the world, reflecting about the future of identification based on history and trends. The moderation was performed by RNP Research, Development & Innovation director Iara Machado. 

Alexandre broke down the amplitude of the concept “digital identity” and its sets of attributes, deepened the debate about the thin line that divides privacy X identity, and brought the expressive number shared by the World Bank: 1 billion people around the planet do not have official proof of identity. “He shows that the question is not that simple. From the technologic point of view, we have the solution already, but it is complicated to establish the uniqueness for all”, Alexandre assessed.