RNP Inter-ministerial Program

The RNP Inter-ministry Program (PI-RNP) was created in October, 1999, with the purpose of funding the implementation and maintenance of an advanced academic Internet network, known as RNP2. The program currently sets forth joint investments from the Ministries of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications (MCTIC), Education (MEC), Health (MS), Culture (MinC) and Defense (MD).

To coordinate the program, a Steering Committee (CG-RNP) was created, which makes sure that the goals are reached and defines the guidelines and workings of PI-RNP, as well as sets operation rules, establishes implementation schedules and settles doubts and divergences arisen during the course of work. The coordination of the CG-RNP is exercised by representatives from the ministries in alternate terms of office of one year, with the planning, implementation, operation and coordination of the network being under RNP’s responsibility.

The funds set out for that in the PI-RNP have allowed the organization to contract the technology that is most appropriate for the implementation of the improvements to the network infrastructure, required by the community that uses its services.

History

Launched by the then-Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT) in 1989, as a strategic project, the Brazilian National Research and Educational Network (RNP) was born with two elements: a technical-operational one, aimed at the integration of efforts and the implementation of a national network infrastructure within the academic sphere; and an administrative one, which established an administrative instance to handle said implementation and operation.

In 1994, the RNP backbone had Points of Presence in all of the Brazilian states. During the 90s, the network was set up and evolved reaching the goals set for the project:

implementation of basic connection facilities in the country and basic services on the network;
expansion of the network coverage for the entire country and increase of the connection speed in the critical points;
advertising of the Internet services to the academic community by means of lectures, setting up of themed repositories and training programs, encouraging the formation of an awareness regarding the strategic importance thereof to the country.

In the late 90s, over 800 Brazilian institutions used RNP’s network. The MCT, the main entity in charge of the funding of the RNP project, and the Ministry of Education (MEC), under which structure a large part of the user institutions was located, began negotiating to renew and perfect the model of the network created. The Inter-ministry Program of Implementation and Maintenance of the Brazilian National Research and Educational Network was thus created, being currently referred to as RNP Inter-ministry Program (PI-RNP), the goal of which was defined as follows:

“The Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Technology shall allocate funds from the source National Treasury, from their respective budgets, with the purpose of designing, implementing and maintaining the Brazilian National Research and Educational Network (RNP), which shall be intended to achieve high quality for the Internet production traffic, provide support to education applications and interconnect experiments from metropolitan networks to test new applications.”

The needs of the Brazilian academic community in terms of infrastructure and advanced network services to allow the communication, collaboration and development of new applications were included in such program. It defines the Brazilian National Research and Educational Network (keeping the acronym RNP) as a strategic program, to be coordinated jointly by both ministries. It specified the purpose of this network through the publication of a policy of use, which defines the exclusivity of use for teaching and research. And, in administrative terms, it determines that the management and execution of the program are to be delegated to a social organization, under a management contract, aiming at transparency in the follow-up and inspection thereof.

Composition of the PI-RNP Steering Committee

Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications (MCTIC)
Márcio Leão Coelho 
Manoel Augusto Fonseca 
Nelson Simões da Silva 

Ministry of Education (MEC)
Renê de Lima Barbosa
Antônio Simões da Silva
Merched Cheheb de Oliveira

Academia
Márcio Luiz Bunte de Carvalho (Federal University of Minas Gerais)

Ministry of Culture (MinC)
João Brant

Ministry of Health (MS)
Alexandre Medeiros Figueiredo

Ministry of Defense (MD)
Sergio Luiz Goulart Duarte